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blog del 1r ESO E de l'IES Ramon Llull

2.ca.6 BANDERA DE SENEGAL

Si et deim que a l’escut del Senegal hi ha un arbre, quin creus que serà? Efectivament, un baobab. També hi ha un lleó, símbol de la força, i un riu que fa la frontera amb Mauritània: el que té el mateix nom que el país. La bandera està formada per tres barres verticals, de color verd, groc i vermell, que estan considerats els colors africans, i per això apareixen a moltes banderes d’aquest continent. De fet la bandera és igual que la de Mali, només que la de Senegal té una estrella de cinc puntes en el centre.
Els dos països s’independitzaren de França el 1960. En aquell moment hi havia el dibuix en negre d’un home als dos escuts, però es va eliminar perquè la religió musulmana no permet cap representació de la figura humana.
A Senegal es parlen prop de 30 llengües, algunes sense escriptura, però l’idioma oficial és el francès. Per això, el lema de l’escut està en aquesta llengua: “Un peuple, un but, une foi” [= un poble, una meta, una llei].
Diumenge passat sortia a un diari mallorquí una entrevista a dos senegalesos que viuen aquí, i contaven els problemes que pateixen allà, i la gran dificultat que han tengut per arribar a Europa. La majoria, per no dir tots, –deien els entrevistats– hem arribat aquí sense papers, amb embarcacions il•legals; primer a Canàries i després a la península abans d’acabar a Mallorca.
Com veis, del Senegal es poden aprendre moltes coses. No només hem de conèixer el destí final del ral•li París-Dakar, que unia la capital francesa amb la del Senegal. Ara aquesta competició se celebra a Xile, però encara conserva el nom de Dakar.
Què més us interessa saber sobre aquest país? A moltes assignatures hem explicat coses, i amb la visita a CaixaFòrum n’aprendrem moltes més.

9 febrer 2010 Posted by | català, material | , , | 7 comentaris

2.ca.5 BAOBAB

El baobab és el símbol que representa el Senegal, igual que el cedre representa el Líban. Creus que l’ametler podria servir per a representar Mallorca? A la nostra illa hi ha el 25% dels ametlerars de tot l’estat espanyol. Ara, en el mes de febrer, hi ha flor d’ametler per tot el camp mallorquí. Gaudeix d’aquest paisatge únic en sortir de Palma. El taronger podria ser el símbol de les rondalles que hem contat a classe. No hi estàs d’acord?
Però tornem al baobab, un arbre immens que els senegalesos admiren molt i que, en canvi, a la novel•la “El petit príncep” d’Antoine de Saint-Exupéry pot perjudicar molt un planeta. Ho llegirem a classe i ens servirà per reflexionar sobre un fet important: moltes coses no són intrínsecament bones o dolentes, sinó que depèn de la situació, de les circumstàncies i de l’ús adequat que se’n faci. Els griots del Senegal consideren el baobab un arbre sagrat, mentre que el petit príncep vol arrabassar-lo perquè no faci mal. Així són les coses: bones o dolentes segons com es mirin.
D’igual manera la idea d’Àfrica pot ser positiva, bucòlica i optimista si es parla només de la tradició oral, de la música, la cultura, etc. Però hem de recordar que no tot és bo a Àfrica. També hi ha fam i altres problemes.

8 febrer 2010 Posted by | deures, exercicis, sortides, Uncategorized | , , | 6 comentaris

2.en.18. Senegal: facts, images and questions

On Monday, Carmen, the  Ramon Llull librarian, who is also an English teacher, will be our guest. She spent more than a week last Christmas in Senegal and she will come to our class to tell us about it. She will give us a different point of view from the one we get from books and in the internet.  In a bit more than a week, we’ll go on an outing to La Caixa, to see “Taranga” a Senegalese group. Carmen’s narration of her trip will contribute to our understanding of the country. This power point contains  images and information that will help Carmen explain her experience in  Senegal. You can look at it, and prepare some questions for her.

Did you like it?

Did you find it helpful?

7 febrer 2010 Posted by | sortides, video activity | , , , | 32 comentaris

2.en.15. February outing to La Caixa: Folklore, Griots, storytelling and Senegal. Homework

Folklore: The traditional beliefs, myths, tales, and practices of a people, transmitted orally.

Every culture has its own traditions and folklore. In fact, if we investigate the origin of the word folklore, we’ll learn that it is derived from folklore. This word revived folk in a modern sense of “of the common people, whose culture is handed down orally”.

In the first term, with Emili, in your Spanish lessons you talked about popular traditions and celebrations in Majorca. In Catalan lessons, Bernat has already told you some stories, Rondaies, which are part of the oral tradition of the Balearic islands, handed down from one generation to another.

This month, we’ll go on an outing to La Caixa to take part in a workshop about folklore in Senegal, and in March we’ll have the opportunity to learn more about music and traditions in another African country, Morocco.

In this first outing, we shall learn the importance of storytelling in Senegalese culture, and why the the GRIOTS, professional storytellers, play such a major role in the transmission of values and traditions.

In order to prepare this outing, we’ll do different activities connected with Senegal to find out information about its geography, population, religion and floklore.

In this video you’ll be able to listen to some traditional Senegalese music played by a Griot, to keep you going while you answer the questions.


  1. How big is Africa? Find out the size in square km and compare it with the size of Europe.
  2. Where is Senegal?
  3. What are the bordering countries of Senegal?
  4. How big is it? Compare it with two other African countries and with Spain.
  5. What is its population? Compare it with the population of Spain.
  6. What is the climate like?
  7. What about its geography? Are there any high mountains?
  8. Can you name a tree which is associated with this country?
  9. When did Senegal become independent?
  10. What is/are the official languages?
  11. What is the main religion?
  12. What is Tiébou Dienn ?
  13. What is a boubou?
  14. Where is Dakar?
  15. What can you find in the island of Gorée?
  16. Who was Léopold Senghor?
  17. What’s the gross domestic product of Senegal? Compare it with the gross domestic product of Spain.
  18. Can you name a musical instrument from Senegal other than the Kora  you saw in in the video?
  19. Can you name any famous musician from Senegal?

Homework: Senegal web race

This time it is not a Paris Dakar race, but a web race to see how long it takes you to answer this set of questions. Deadline  will be next Friday. Rules: One person, one answer. Follow the order, and correct  mistakes if you discover any in previous answers. Part of the homework is copying the whole set of answers by Thursday, so we’ll be able to correct it together on Friday. Maybe you’ll surprise me and you’ll have finished  everything by Tuesday, let’s see. As usual, post your answers to the blog.

Resources:

Apart from wikepedia, you can visit the following sites:

This site has information about other African countries, but the part about Senegal is interesting and easy to understand:

http://www.calacademy.org/exhibits/africa/exhibit/facts/index.html

Some short videos of Senegal. This site is in French:

http://www.colby.edu/lrc/projects/texte.html#introduction

Some interesting pictures about dances in Senegal:

http://www.senegalaisement.com/senegal/photos_galerie_senegal.php?mcle=Senegal%20bassari

Good sites in English:

http://www.sakho.com/country.html

http://www.everyculture.com/wc/Rwanda-to-Syria/Senegalese.html

An interesting site to find out about slavery and Senegal:

http://www.studentsoftheworld.info/sites/art/3294.php


1 febrer 2010 Posted by | blog quest, música, sortides | , , | 33 comentaris